Monday, July 18, 2011

Address Binding Technique 3

Address Resolution with message exchange: In this approach the computer that needs to resolve an address sends a message across network and receives reply.The message carries a request that specifies the protocol address,and the reply carries the corresponding hardware address.Now the main question that came in front of us is that where all these requests be sent.Generally there are two designs that are used for this.In the first design a network includes one or more servers that are assigned the task of answering address resolution requests.

Whenever,address resolution is needed a message must be sent to any of these servers which will send a reply.In the second design no special address resolution servers are needed.Instead,each computer on the network participates in address resolution by agreeing to answer resolution requests for its address.When a computer needs to resolve an address,it broadcasts a request on the network.All machine receive the request and examine the requested address.If an incoming request matches a computer’s address, the computer responds.Now discuss the advantages of both the designs.

The chief advantage of the first scheme arise from centralization because a few address resolution servers handle all resolution tasks on the network,address resolution is easier to configure,manage and control.Now the advantage of second design arise from distributed computation.Address resolution servers may be expensive.In addition to the expense of additional hardwares like extra memory.In addition to this servers are expensive to maintain because address binding information stored in servers must be updated whenever new computers are added to the network or hardware address changes.Furthermore ,address resolution servers can become a bottleneck on a large busy network.If each computer is able to resolve its own address ,then there is no need of servers.

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